First-Aid: How to Give First-Aid for Muscles Injuries and Head Injuries

INJURIES TO MUSCLES

Muscles are of two types, voluntary and involuntary. Injuries occur to the voluntary or skeletal muscles. These may be due to overstretching, or tearing due to violent or sudden movements. Muscle injuries are of the following types.

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First-Aid: How to Treat Achilles Tendinitis, Retrocalcaneal Pain, Tennis Elbow and Wrist Pain in Gymnast

ACHILLES TENDINITIS

Achilles tendon is the tendon of the calf muscles attached to the heel of the foot. Its inflammation is diagnosed by the following features.

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First-Aid: Tepid Sponging, Cold pack, Ice Bag, Hot Water Bag and Eye Wash

□ TEPID SPONGING

Sponging is the process in which the patient’s body is cleaned with soap and wet cloth while the patient remains in bed. Ordinary sponging is never required by the first aider, but tepid sponging may be required. It is done so as to reduce the body temperature in cases of high fever. The method is as follows.

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