A discussion of new notions on the phonological loop, which was first proposed as an articulatory loop and later reformulated, follows (Gathercole and Baddley, 1989). New elaborations are offered by Burgess and Hitch (1999). In their extensive and comprehensive review, two relevant concepts are the two components of the loop— rehearsal and phonological store. Recent brain imaging research, as well as traditional brain lesion data, supports this division.
Phonological Awareness and Rapid Automatic Naming: Two Cores of the Same Fruit
It has been known for some years now that both phonological awareness and rapid automatic naming (RAN) speed are associated with reading. But what do these tongue twisters mean? Both describe the new reader’s ability to use and understand rhymes, and detect and manipulate sounds. My preliterate 4-year-old son surprised us one day when he overheard me helping my 7-year-old sister spell the word cobbler. He jumped in with “It’s cobb then ler”, demonstrating that he had already acquired the basic principle of segmenting words into sounds.