Child Care: Three Important Principles of Parenthood

Three important principles regarding parenthood are:

1. Be Mentally Prepared for Parenthood

Parents are a little scared at the prospect of taking sole charge of a helpless baby for the first time. For those who are fortunate enough to have the support of the grandparents of the baby, this is easier. But for those parents who are alone (particularly if they are young and therefore mentally less prepared for this responsibility and/or both are working parents), child-care may be a big mental stress. With the coming of the baby, their life style completely changes.

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Child Care: Gross Motor Milestone Development

A newborn baby is limp and floppy. His neck is like a ragged doll, and his head lolls forwards or backwards depending on gravity. Obviously, the first important milestone necessary in order to progress further (to sitting and standing) is neck control, which comes by 4 months age when his neck stays in the same plane as the body.

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Child Care: Development of Newborn Child

Development is the qualitative progress of a child, usually divided into 4 categories:

1. Gross motor: It refers to the gross motor activities like sitting, standing etc. As mentioned earlier, it is the least important and least reliable criteria to judge the overall development of a child, though the parents lay the most emphasis on it.

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Child Care: Fine Motor Milestone Development

These are more important than the gross motor milestones in assessing the development of a child because these milestones require fine co-ordination and use of the small muscles (e.g. of hand) to perform intricate and delicate tasks like eating, holding small objects etc. In gross motor milestones, big muscles like those of trunk, hips etc. are used.

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Child Care: Feeding Babies

KEY POINTS

❖ Breast-feeding: In the initial 4 months, the baby requires only milk (not even water). There is a fine balance by nature between the production of milk and its demand by the baby. More is the milk required by the baby, more it sucks, which is the most potent stimulus for more milk production. So more is the demand, more is the supply.

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Child Care: Treatment for Diarrhea in Children

In the majority of cases it is due to viral infection of the intestines. Benign and self-limiting, it again doesn’t require anything else but electral or ORS solution to make up for the fluid losses in diarrhea stools (i.e. to prevent the child from going into dehydration). Most of the diarrheas will correct themselves spontaneously in 2-3 days and in fact giving “over vigorous” therapy like antibiotics etc. may worsen the diarrhea because the antibiotics kill the “good” bacteria in the intestines.

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Child Care: When to Start Schooling for Your Child?

School readiness involves a physical, social and emotional capacity to cope up with an alien environment. The demands are many. The child should have bladder and bowel control, should be able to overcome stranger anxiety and be away from his mother at least for some time. He should have a fair expression of language, both receptive and expressive.

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Child Care: Should a Child be Given Homework and Undergo Tuition and Should There Be Corporal Punishment?

SHOULD A CHILD BE GIVEN HOMEWORK?

Much homework should not be given to the child. The child already is in school from 8 o’clock to 3 o’clock. He gets up at 6 o’clock to reach school by 8 o’clock. On top of it, when he reaches home by 4 P.M., the thought uppermost in his mind is that he has to complete his homework. In fact, the school timings of a child are roughly equal to office timings of a government employee. When such employees reach home, they are usually tired and stressed out. Do they have to do any homework?

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Modern Medicine: Drug Reactions

Any drug which has caused reaction earlier, even in a mild form, must not be repeated.

Sources of infection are many and some patients react not only to specific drugs but also react to particular type of food stuff, environs, scents, odours, drinks and eatables, oils, meats, milk and milk products, poultry and sea products, colours, chemicals, persons, situations etc. A doctor generally has hardly any time to think of and apply his mind on such vital aspects. Let us not blame the doctors who are pravailed upon by the patients to re-lieve them of their agony within the shortest possible time.

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